Silk

Silk

Silk
Silk is an extremely soft and luxurious fabric. It is much stronger than any other textile fibre, and there is nothing as wonderful as good quality silk. When properly cared for it will last for many years.

Silk is wonderful on warm nights, as it can absorb up to a third of its own weight in moisture without feeling damp. It is the coolest of all fabrics, yet it responds so quickly to temperature that in the winter, it feels warm and inviting. Silk is hypo-allergenic, resistant to mildew, naturally flame retardant and because it does not generate static, it does not cling.

Not only does silk feel wonderful next to the skin and is an incredible fabric for sheets and nightwear, it is also wonderful for people with rheumatism and other aches and pains because it is much easier to turn in bed.

Why Choose St Genève Silk?
All silk is beautiful, but St Genève silk is absolutely gorgeous! They are surprisingly crease resistant, seamless, and can be gently machine washed and dried, making them easy to care for.

In order to live up to the highest quality requirements, all St Genève fabrics are certified according to Oeko-Tex Standard 100. All St Genève silk fabrics are made by a mill in Germany that has specialized in silk since 1923.

Silk Quality
The best silks are made from the long single filament that is unwound from the cocoon, and the very best come from perfectly even cocoons. The finest silk filaments are now produced in Brazil, where the climate suits the production better. Inexpensive silks come from other areas of the world, and from lower quality cocoons. The lowest quality silks are made by spinning together the short filaments left over after the long filaments are unwound, as well as from the fuzzy 'floss' found on the outside of the cocoon.

Drawbacks?
Good silk is expensive. That is why it is not seen too often. However, those that have these wonderful sheets know that they are worth it. Silk is easy to care for properly and it will last for many years, but it won't forgive careless mistreatment.

Silk Production
Silk is produced in two forms: Cultivated silk which is produced in a controlled environment, and Wild silk, which is produced in a natural environment. Silk used in the commercial silk industry is mostly from the Mulberry silk moth which lives on mulberry leaves. Silk filaments come from the cocoons built by these moths, generally known as silkworms. The cultivation of these silkworms is known as "sericulture".


The mulberry leaf becomes the world's most desirable fabric

When the silk filament is ready to be removed from the cocoon, the filaments are carefully unwound from several cocoons at once to create a single strand of silk. A cocoon can contain a mile or more of filament. The outer portion is usually brushed off as floss, and the fibre near the inside does not "reel" well, so it is the middle portion which can be reeled in one continuous thread.

The strands are then wound together creating a silk yarn. The weight of the yarn will vary depending on the number of strands used.

Wild Silk
Wild silk comes from cocoons produced by silkworms living in a natural environment. Tussah Silk is produced in this manner, and is generally darker in colour than cultivated silks. Duppioni, another wild silk is produced when two silkworms spin cocoons that are joined together.

History of Silk
Silk production originated in China. It is said that the wife of a Chinese Emperor discovered silk about 2640 BC when a silkworm cocoon fell into her tea and began to separate into strands. She is credited with being the first to unravel the cocoons and use the fibres for weaving.

Silk Production
This lead to the Chinese silk industry, which is still in place today. The methods of Silk production were kept secret by the Chinese for several centuries. Later development of the Silk Road trade route brought silk to other countries. In Italy, Julius Caesar was so fond of this incredible fabric that he allowed it to be worn only by himself and certain favoured officials. In Persia, where they did not yet understand the art of silk production, they would take apart the Chinese silks and reweave then into their own designs. India and Japan became two of the first countries to compete with China for the silk market.


Over the centuries, silk production moved throughout Europe as well as Great Britain and North America, but China is currently still the largest producer of silk. Some other major producers of silk are Japan, India and Brazil.


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Egyptian Cotton | Linen | Silk | Micro Modal®

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